Bosnia’s Technology Development

Bosnia and Herzegovina Technology Concept
(source)

 

Internet Penetration

In just 13 years, Bosnia has been able to raise their percentage of internet users from 1.1% in 2000 to 67.9% in 2013. So far this is the most recent internet penetration data.  (source) It is obvious with this data that accessibility has increased tremendously and even though 67.9% is much higher than 1.1%, there is still 32.1% left without internet access. Although their existing urban-rural digital divide within the country, and between the neighboring countries does not only affect the country itself, but also affect the gap between the reality in the country and the European Union standards. (source)

Cyber Security 

When it comes to legal measures in Bosnia and Herzegovina, there are specific legislations on cybercrime that have been enacted through the Council of Europe’s Convention on Cybercrime and deals particularly with infringements of copy right, computer-related fraud, child pornography, and violations of network security. (source) Recently Bosnia has a CERT body in their country which aims to continuously increase reliability of critical infrastructure, work on the prevention and minimization of possibilities for security emergencies, provide assistance to the administrators of critical infrastructure in applying proactive measures for risk reduction and provide assistance in reducing the consequences of security emergencies. (source: “Establishment of a CERT body in Bosnia and Herzegovina”)

Copyright and Freedom of Information

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, copyright laws 25 years and after that they expire. Authors who died in 1945 or earlier have their work become public domain, any author who died after that year are still copyrighted. Although something interesting is that any photos or artistic works are considered public domain if they were published before January 1, 1971. Because Bosnia is pursuing their application to become a member of the European Union, they adopted the Freedom of Access of Information Act, which was  first it was acted on a state level in 2000 and in 2001 it was acted on its two entities. This act includes access to users of information, availability of information, and right to further decimation of further information. (source)

The Role of E-Governement in Rebuilding Bosnia and Herzegovina

The European Union describes e-government as the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) combined with organizational change and new skills to improve public services and democratic processes and strengthen support to public policies. Stronger attention to the e-governement has helped it become a positive factor in the long-term development of BiH in the post-war rehabilitation and development. ICT could play a beneficial role in the interaction between government, citizens, and business. Another beneficial factor is the active involvement of a number of international bodies in creating standards, models, and best practices. Including other factors, the emergence of the e-government in Bosnia and Herzegovina has become very helpful in there development and continues to be a guide in the rehabilitation of the country. (source)

 

 

 

 

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